Quick question regarding superficial degrees of freedom and Ward identities.
For instance in Peskin and Schroeder it is stated that the photon-self energy is superficially quadratically UV divergent but due to the Ward identity it is only logarithmically divergent. I don't see this argument.
The self-energy is given by
How does the Ward identity, or in other words, gauge invariance kill of the divergences?
Best, A friendly helper
Ok, I answer it myself. The reason is as follows; Based on gauge invariance the self-energy at one loop has to look like
where A and B are the explicit divergences not yet determined. However, in an explicit loop computation the first term does only arise with a divergence in whereas the second with a divergence in and not worse. But in order for gauge invariance to be true $A=B$ has to hold, i.e. the divergence is actually only in four dimensions and not in two.